– Albert Einstein
Thinking is the act of producing thoughts or the process of producing thoughts. We are how we think inside. We are doing things from the outcome of thoughts. So, thinking is very essential part of our life. Otherwise we will be paralyzed. And how we think is even more important thing. When we stop and review how we think, we can correct a lot in our attitude, daily activities etc. here I want to present different types of thinking for your information. Please be patient with me. It is a long post.
1. Logical Thinking:
Thinking logically is nothing but excluding emotions and considering every possible logical reason. It is the academically disciplined method of actively and cleverly conceptualizing, analyzing and evaluating data generated by observation, experience, reasoning as a guide to self belief and action. I would recommend this thinking method for most of the decisions.
2. Creative Thinking:
Creativity! I love this word always, because it creates a lot of new things in our life. Creative thinking also produces creative decisions. Creative thinking is the way of looking at problems or situations from a fresh perspective that suggests creative solutions. Creative thinking can be stimulated both by an unstructured process such as brainstorming, and by a structured process such as lateral thinking.
3. Critical Thinking:
According to Dr. Richard Paul, “critical thinking is the art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it”. And another definition is “Critical thinking can be defined as the process of thinking of possible explanations for outcomes and findings, and determining how compatible the possible explanations are with the outcomes and findings”. This is the master of all thinking types.
4. Lateral Thinking:
The term was coined by UK psychologist Dr. Edward de Bono in his 1970 book ‘Lateral Thinking. People uses lateral thinking to move from one known idea to creating new ideas. Logical (‘vertical’) thinking carries a chosen idea forward; the lateral thinking provokes fresh ideas or changes the frame of reference. And, while logical thinking tries to overcome problems by meeting them head-on, lateral thinking tries to bypass them through a radically different approach.
5. Parallel Thinking:
This is the process of avoiding group conflict by all adopting the same mode of thinking at the same time. The best known example of parallel thinking is De Bono’s Six Thinking Hats. Each metaphorical (or physical) hat represents a different type of thinking.
6. Strategic Thinking:
This type of thinking is needed in the business world. Strategic thinking focuses on the long-term rather than the short-term. It focuses on the big picture and the small picture, as opposed to just focusing on the small picture. Strategic thinking is both analytic and creative. Before there is strategic thinking, there must first be a strong foundation of critical thinking. Strategic thinking is applying critical thinking in a game or business in the right time.
7. Convergent Thinking:
In convergent thinking, you begin by focusing on a limited number of choices as possibilities. Then you choose the “right” answer or course of action from among those choices. In this type of thinking, you limit yourself excluding creative solutions. In relation with decision making, divergent thinking limits your creativity in the process of decision-making.
8. Divergent Thinking:
In contrast with convergent thinking, divergent means “developing in different directions” and so divergent thinking opens your mind in all directions. This opens possibilities in your life because it leads you to look for options that aren’t necessarily apparent at first. This type of thinking stimulates creative solutions.
9. Radiant Thinking:
Radiant thinking is a term coined by Tony Buzan, and most fully defined and described in his book on Mind Mapping. Radiant thinking usually begins with the central concept or problem at the centre, and various ideas and solutions radiating out from that point. Each new point becomes the centre of its own radiant thoughts, eventually generating branch after branch of diverse thought. One advantage to radiant thinking is that it can incorporate all thoughts–even those that do not directly relate to the central problem. So, it leads to creativity.
10. Positive Thinking:
This thinking type is more of attitude oriented. But, it is definitely needed one. You won’t need an explanation. You will come across this term ‘positive thinking’. I will often mix the layer of positive thinking in every thought of my mind.
Thanks for reading such a long post with patience. I just wrote this post for your information. Have a good decision-making day.